According to the combination of 10 and 12 Gan Tian Di Zhi lunar system, the ethnic Chinese in Indonesia will celebrate Cap Go Meh. Cap Go Meh word derived from the Hokkien dialect Teochews or Cap Go Meh was fifteen and it was night. That is the night of the fifteenth.
While the Hakka dialect is called Cang cang nyiat Nyiat Pan is in the pan and it was the middle of the middle of the month so that means.
While in the country mainland China, Cap Go Meh celebrations in mandarin called Yuan Shiau Ciek means festival in one night and in the west known as the Lantern Festival.
Chinese humanist Kalbar, Fat Lie Sau said, every feast of Chinese citizens, religious or cultural traditions of an origin as told by word of mouth, legends, based on the book with different versions, depending on the culture, traditions and regions respectively.
According to the man born in 1932 who is better known as the XF Asali, the Cap Go Meh has two versions. The first version is Yuan Shiau Ciek is one of the festivals that are celebrated since Xie Han Dynasty (206 BC-24 AD) to mark the end of the lunar new year celebrations.
“In religious adherents people Taoism, Cap Go Meh is known as the day of birth San Yuan Shang Kuan Yuan Thian or sky god who gives gifts to the people,” he said.
While at Tung Han Dynasty (25-220), by Emperor Liu Chang, Yuan Shiau Ciek celebration in honor of the Buddha, who had appeared at 30 months 12 Chinese New Year in the West Mainland, which is interpreted the same as the 15 months 1 Lunar in Mainland East.
Therefore, the Emperor also ordered the people to pray thanksgiving, processions, post lanterns, folk art and attractions at night precisely Cap Go Meh.
Asali explained, the celebrations continued for generations until now celebrated Chinese communities embracing Tri Dharma (Sam Kaw) people as a religious feast Taoism, Budhhis, and Confucianism.
“As for the other Chinese people celebrated the feast of cultural traditions Yuan Shiau Ciek or Cap Go Meh Festival or Lantern suit the conditions and circumstances of each,” he said.
While other versions, according to the Asali is folklore at Tung Zhou Dynasty (770 BC – 256 BC) that the farmers in the 15 months 1 Lunar installing lanterns called Chau Can Tian surrounding fields to repel pests and vermin scaring plants.
Farmers are also see changes in the color of fire lanterns (Ten Lung) believed to be from a change in the color of fire lanterns at night it can be known the weather to come, namely whether drought or more rain throughout the year.
Thus, every year on the same day the farmers will put lanterns around the field. Every year growing many lanterns mounted so as to form a beautiful sight on the 15th lunar month 1.
“Installing lanterns repel pests than beneficial, it also created the beautiful scenery. While to scare the vermin plants plus all the sounds, play lion dance and pageantry tatung as reinforcements and starting to be more crowded,” said Asali.
According Asali, beliefs and cultural traditions continued and developed in both hereditary and regional daraytyan overseas Chinese around the world according to the condition and situation of each country, including in West Kalimantan.
Separately, Secretary of the Committee of Cap Go Meh 2013 Singkawang, Bong Cin Nen said term Cap Go Meh is the fifteenth day of the first month in the year of the snake this time is that the 2564 falls on Sunday (24/2).
Cap Go Meh He has composed two versions of the farmers with the version version intellectuals. Cap Go Meh farmer version marks Chinese New Year celebrations have ended, the next day was back to the field or fields to work so ended the Chinese New Year celebrations at the Cap Go Meh it.
“In this version, according to tradition after the Cap Go Meh going in the growing season or the rainy season, the so-called end of Chinese New Year celebrations,” he said.
While intellectual version, Cap Go Meh celebration there is a ritual in which the value of Tatung / or god loya reopen the tatungnya stamp that had been closed on 23 lunar months 12 or so before the Chinese New Year celebrations reopened after 15 days.
“Therefore, it is considered the tatung or gods or back down to earth so that there should be tatung procession,” said Cin Nen.
Nevertheless, the development of the tradition of Cap Go Meh in Singkawang nothing to do with the Tatung be a healer to heal the sick. Healing the sick is done by mounting the altar called Ta Ciau ward off evil spirits for the purpose of settlement made by Tatung procession.
Habits that was done up to now, then there is every Cap Go Meh festival procession carried the hope of exorcising evil of the whole life of the community for a year.Thus, after the celebration of Cap Go Meh is considered to bring salvation to us all.