14 Types Mandatory Immunization

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BCG 
Suspension contains a weakened live M.Bovis. Immunization does not prevent infection with tuberculosis (TB) but reduces the risk of severe TB like TB meningitis and miliary TB. 

Hepatitis B 
Available HepB and DTP combination vaccine based on the results of the study Biofarma can provide a better antibody response than supplied separately. 

Polio 
Polio can cause paralysis sufferer and difficulty breathing. Polio vaccine is classified into two types, namely IPV (inactivated polio vaccine) containing the polio virus that has been turned off. The vaccine is given by injection and OPV (oral polio vaccine), which contains a live virus that has been attenuated. 

DPT 
There is a type of DTaP (acellular pertussis) or that the common people regarded as DTP vaccine that does not cause fever. Although the reaction to DTaP immunization post local or systemic DTP lower than usual, but the vaccine can still cause reactions such as fever and swelling of other vaccines. 

Measles 
If the spread of children, especially children under five years, measles can be fatal effect. 

HIB 
Available DTP and Hib combination vaccine immunogenicity with a fixed high power without affecting the immune response to each other. 

PCV 
Infants at high risk of pneumococcal colonization, ie infants with upper respiratory tract infections, passive smoking, infants who are not breast-fed infants, and those living in the 4 seasons (in the winter). 

Rotavirus 
In Indonesia, diarrhea to 28% of the causes of death in infants. Available monovalent vaccine (Rotarix) and pentavalen (Rotareq). 

INFLUENZA 
Recommendations IDAI, influenza immunization is given at: 
– Healthy children aged 6 months â € “2 years. 
– Children with chronic heart disease, asthma, diabetes, chronic kidney disease and HIV. 
– Children who live in places like dormitories, orphanages, boarding schools. 
– People who can transmit flu virus in people at high risk, such as child care and health care workers. 

Varicella 
Should not be given to children who are high fever, low lymphocyte count, allergy to neomycin, and cellular immune deficiency. 

MMR 
MMR immunization still be given even if the child has a history of infection of measles, mumps, and rubella. No effect of immunization in children who previously had received immunity against one or more of the three diseases. Immunization is also not related to autism. 

Typhoid 
Typhoid or better known as thypus is an acute disease caused by the bacterium Salmonella typhi. These bacteria are commonly found in water and the neighborhood is not kept clean. 

HEP A 
Hepatitis A is a disease of inflammation of the liver (liver), which was often contagious children. 

HPV 
HPV immunization schedule depending on the type of vaccine used. Immunizations can be administered to the patient since the age of 10 years. If using bivalent HPV vaccine, administered 3 doses. The second dose made ​​a month after the first dose and the third dose performed 5 months later. While the HPV vaccine is tetravalent, also given 3 doses, but a second dose is given two months after the first dose and the third dose is given 4 months later. 

Before giving vaccinations, doctors are advised to provide a first explanation of the vaccination, among them about the dangers of the disease, the benefits of immunization, as well as the reactions that may arise after immunization.

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