Earth engineering plan may aim to reverse global warming by reflecting sunlight back into space or store excess carbon dioxide, but it will not prevent people experiencing climate change in coming decades.
This means that humans must adapt to living in a world in which widespread drought, floods and higher throughout the island nation may be submerged.
Some ideas adapted to resemble science fiction into reality. Among other things, planting crops in urban buildings, floating villages and genetically engineered crops. Other solutions, such as agriculture buoyant and unusual species interbreed, more likely an adaptation of human history than future technology.
Home water: When the water level increases, future buildings will probably work around this by building floating. Koen Olthuis, head Waterstudio. NL, began work on the project from the apartment floating in the Netherlands to a floating mosque in the United Arab Emirates.
A Dutch company has also designed a series of floating hotels, conference centers, and other buildings in the Maldives (Indian Ocean island nation threatened later sunk in 2080).
Other Dutch pioneer company, Dura Vermeer, has also made the building floating like a green house and a village entirely amphibians in the Netherlands – all using plastic foam layer are arranged into a network capable of supporting concrete building on top of it.
Such technology provides a solution for the construction of the old houses are in a continuous state of flooding, including Bangladesh.
Underground City: Live in subway stations may sound like a bum fun, but moved to the underground city can provide additional protection from extreme weather changes.
Putting lines underground energy also makes a difference for many of the city between the fixed gain power and experience power outages due to storms – and the big cities such as Hong Kong also get a bonus of saving space by moving energy generation and water storage in the basement.
A group of U.S. businessmen propose the design of buildings ‘Low Line’ in a former power station in New York City. A fiber optic cable can not only deliver sunlight into the underground area to assist the growth of plants, but also able to block harmful ultraviolet rays – and the electric lighting can also be used as a cloudy day or night.
Agriculture float: Bangladesh 140 million people have learned to live with climate change with depth because in their countries, mostly island located less than 4.8 meters. A quarter of the country’s flooding almost every year, and 60 percent every four or five years.
It forced the farmers of Bangladesh to create a self-developed adaptations to live in a world where sea level rises and floods worse, by creating a floating farm.
The farmers created a raft of straw, rice stubble and grass called water lilies, before adding the top layer of waterwort (sort of aquatic plants) are decomposed to serve as fertilizer.
Into the surface of a floating raft that can be moved are replacing farmland flooded and can produce more plants than traditional land – an idea that may be adapted to other countries with a strategy tailored to the circumstances of their own country.
Energy smart: In a warmer planet means a lot of homes and businesses that use more energy and more extravagant for air conditioning. Future energy network not only connects the latest clean energy sources – such as solar energy renewable, wind, waves and geothermal energy – but also to be more clever to manipulate energy sources new and old, and to quickly respond to changing demand for energy change in the future.
Some energy networks may reflect the energy grid smarter version, which dominated the industry. Another energy network might appear to be a network of smaller micro energy derived from local energy sources such as sunlight or wind, but still able to connect with each other to transmit the energy to where they are needed.
Vertical farming: Many farmers will experience severe droughts and pests susceptible plants in a warmer climate. A possible solution comes from the idea that once overlooked that began to attract attention around the world – a vertical farm consists of many levels up (or even the basement).
Vertical Farming provides a controlled indoor climate for growing in a space-saving places that proved more efficient than open field farming, says Dickson Despommier, a microbiologist and ecologist at Columbia University who helped initiate the first step in vertical farming. Countries such as the U.S., Sweden, the Netherlands, Japan, South Korea and Singapore have also started experimenting with their own vertical farming.
Plants can adapt to the climate: drought-resistant corn that can be grown with less water is introduced in different versions from various companies such as Monsanto, DuPont, and Sygenta.Leading agribusiness companies began to invest billions of dollars in crop genetic engineering is “ready to face climate” to withstand drought, flood, heat, cold, and salinity of water – an effort that includes 1633 patents in 2010, according to a report from the ETC Group.
Adaptation to the climate can also be obtained from the ideal identities existing in the fields without genetic engineering, change tactics for cultivating the fields, and plant lasting more diverse.
International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) and the University of California-Davis using marker-assisted selection (examining morphological signs, biochemical or variations of DNA / RNA to discover genetic traits) to identify genes that are flood-resistant rice varieties in India and moved it to the rice fields other. In other cases, the African Rice Center has interbred Asian and African rice species to create a more heat resistant crops and drought.