The year 2012 has ended, some people may wonder what will appear in the sky in 2013. The phenomenon of what we might be seeing in the sky?
I have chosen 13 “skyline views” best in 2013 my version, although not all of them will look at each area (you may have to travel to see all the eclipse).
Year 2013 also promises the possibility of two bright comets: PANSTARRS and Ison. As said astronomer, famous comet swings, we can only guess how bright they are and how long their tails are visible. We’ll just have to wait and see.
In general, the year 2013 promises an exciting 12 months for sky lovers.
January 21: Moon looks very close / Jupiter conjunctions
For North Americans, this thing is really amazing. This phenomenon can be easily seen even from the cities of light. The moon is shining not whole, only 78 percent of shine, it passes less than a degree to the south of the planet Jupiter, the largest planet in our solar system.
Both luminous object will look very close in the night sky that could be seen by all. It is more interesting is this will be the Moon-Jupiter conjunction nearby until 2026!
February 2 to 23: Mercury’s best evening view
Mercury, the innermost planet “elusive”, will move far enough away from the glare of the sun so it will be easily visible in the western sky, shortly after sunset. On February 8 evening Mercury will be seen in less than 0.4 degrees of the much dimmer planets, Mars.
Mercury will arrive at its largest extension of the sun on Feb.16. This planet will be very bright (-1.2 to -0.6 magnitude) before this date and will fade rapidly to +1.2 magnitude thereafter.
(Astronomers measure the brightness of celestial objects using a magnitude, a reverse scale that lower numbers associated with the lighter object. Negative magnitude showed remarkable levels of light.)
March 10 to 24: best sightings comet PANSTARRS!
PANSTARRS comet, discovered in June 2011 by using the Pan-STARRS 1 telescope on Haleakala, Hawaii, is expected to be at its best in a two-week period. During this time, the comet will be closest to the sun (45 million miles) and Earth (164 million kilometers).
Although Comet PANSTARRS very dim and distant when first discovered, the comet is getting brighter since then. The comet is expected to reach at least the first magnitude and should be visible low in the west-northwest sky shortly after sunset. On March 12 evening comet will be located 4 degrees to the right from the very thin crescent.
25 April: partial lunar eclipse
It will be a partial lunar eclipse is very small, with the top leg in scraping a little ray of earth dark umbra shadow. At mid-eclipse, less than 2 percent of the diameter of the Moon will be in the dark shadows.Eastern Hemisphere (Europe, Africa, Australia and most of Asia) will get the best view.
This lunar eclipse will not be visible from North America.
May 9: Solar Eclipse coiled like a ring
During a solar eclipse circular (also known as the eclipse “Ring of Fire”), umbra shadow cone long months is too short to reach the Earth. In angular size, the circumference of the Moon appears about 4.5 percent smaller than the circumference of the sun. Thus, the effect is like putting a coin nickel dime above: ring of sunlight remains visible around the moon.
Line the shadow of the ring can be seen stretching thousands of miles, but not be wider than 172 km at the point of greatest eclipse. Most of the lines are in the Pacific Ocean, but during or immediately after the local sun rises, the path will split along the north of Australia (around May 10 in the morning) and the extreme eastern tip of Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands along with some nearby.
At the point of greatest eclipse, the phase ring will last for 6 minutes, 4 seconds. Hawaii residents will see a partial eclipse at 15:48 Hawaii time, the moon will be about 32 percent of the hazy sun’s circumference.
May 24 to 30: Planet mutual dance
Mercury, Venus and Jupiter will give interesting performances are low in the west-northwest sky twilight soon after sunset. The planets will look random to one another, which changes the position of the planets was clear from one night to the next night. The two brightest planets, Venus and Jupiter will be separated only by a distance of 1 degree on May 28th, with Venus passing northwest (upper right) of Jupiter and shining brighter than Jupiter six times.
June 23: biggest full moon in 2013
On June 23, the moon will be perfectly round at 7:32 pm EDT (1132 GMT), and 32 minutes before the moon will be at the closest point to the Earth in 2013, at a distance of 356 991 km, which makes so-called Supermoon. Estimated to occur in extreme tidal sea (very low to very high) for the next few days.
August 12: Perseid meteor shower
The annual Perseid meteor shower is considered one of the best annual phenomenon thanks to the emergence of 90 meteors per hour. Meteor showers are a favorite of people who are camping in the summer and often a spectacle citizens who might spend time in the dark and starry sky.
In the summer, large crescent moon shaped and suffered minor disruption during a meteor shower. But in 2013, the moon will be a few days before the first quarter and will disappear at night, make a dark night.
October 18: Penumbra lunar eclipse
Moon appears through the northern part of the penumbral shadow of the Earth during a lunar eclipse.
At mid-eclipse, 76 percent of the diameter of the Moon will be immersed in the penumbra, may be enough to cause a faint darkness, but the bottom of the darkened moon visible. Areas that can be seen covering most of Asia, Europe and Africa. Central and eastern parts of North America can see the phenomenon Hunters’ Moon is slightly darkened at dusk.
3 November: Solar Eclipse mix
It is a solar eclipse which is somewhat unusual, occurring within 13,600 miles of the earth, eclipse changing rapidly from circular to a total, therefore known to astronomers as the “eclipse mix.”
Actually, mostly along its path, the eclipse seemed in total, with the circle (or ring) are very thin from the sun visible near the beginning of the path. The path of the eclipse center line starts from the Atlantic about 875 miles southwest of Bermuda.
So, along the Atlantic Coast of North America, the audience is interested (using tools look right, such as pinhole projection or glass typically used welding) will only see a dark moon circle out of the front of the sun at sunrise.
Eclipse path will pass through the southern Cape Verde Islands, then the curve will be heading southeast parallel to the coast of Africa. Greatest eclipse, the totality of the whole 100 seconds and reaches a maximum path width of only 58 km, occurred about 402 km off the coast of Liberia. Line shadow then will sweep central Africa, through most of Gabon, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda and Kenya, before ending at sunset on the Ethiopia-Somalia border.
Mid-November to December: Comet Ison
On 21 September 2012, two amateur astronomers (Vitali Nevski of Belarus and Russia’s Artyom Novichonok) using a telescope owned by the International Scientific Optical Network to discover a new comet named using an acronym of the instrument used to find: Comet Ison.
Calculations show that the comet orbit Ison will stir closest towards the sun, less than 1.2 million km above the surface of the sun, on 28 November (Thanksgiving Day in the United States).
Comets can be light enough so that it can be seen in daylight when the time closest to the sun. The comet will then move towards the Earth, a distance of 64 million miles from planet Earth a month later.
Because the comet Ison will be on the best places to be seen in the morning and evening of the Northern Hemisphere over the next few weeks, the comet could be one of the most watched comet of all time.
December: The charm of Venus
Venus, the brightest planet of all planets, presenting the show for a full month, and is spectacular! Venus gives the greatest sights for 2013 and 2014 either evening or morning sky. Venus adorn the southwest evening sky for three hours after sunset at the beginning of the month, and 1.5 hours after sunset at a New Year’s Eve. Beautiful crescent moon will appear at the top right of the planet on December 5, and the next night Venus will reach peak brightness. Venus will not be as bright “evening star” again until 2021.
13 to 14 December: Geminid meteor showers
If there is one meteor sightings are guaranteed to provide a very entertaining show, it is the Geminid meteor shower. Most meteor experts currently put at the top of the list meteor, because it has advantages in brightness and more reliable even than Perseids in August.
Unfortunately, in 2013, the moon will be several days before a perfect phase and will illuminate the night sky, creating a more fainter meteors invisible. However, around 4:30 (local time), will sink in eventually, making the sky dark for about an hour. It will be your chance to see two meteor sightings per minute, or 120 per hour!