The term hypertension is used to refer to a condition of high blood pressure. Blood pressure is considered high normal or over the limit if the evaluation shows the number above 140/90. Number 140 shows the systolic and diastolic pressures the 90 shows. Normal blood pressure is in the range of 120/80 mmHg. While the 130/80 is considered high normal.
Hypertension can slowly damage the organ systems of our body, which will eventually show symptoms of a more progressive organ damage. One of the effects of hypertension if not treated well dengak is damaging arteries. Damaged arteries causing disruption of blood flow, which means the need for oxygen and nutrients to the organs and other body tissues may also be disrupted.
With the damage to the arteries, there are several organs at risk of disruption, including:
Damage to the arteries makes the heart work extra pump, coupled with deep vein thrombosis, heart muscles will swell and no longer efficient at pumping. Besides can trigger a heart attack, in the long term it can cause heart failure conditions.
Hypertension can cause damage to blood vessels in the brain and lead to rupture of blood vessels to the brain occurs stroke.
Kidney function should filter excess water and waste from the blood meal. If the artery is damaged, blood circulation to the kidneys and kidney disrupted can not function properly, so that the waste is piling up and came renal failure along with many other complications.
4. Vital Organ.
In women, hypertension can lead to loss of sexual arousal, the vagina feels dry and can not have an orgasm, while in men, it can lead to erectile dysfunction.
At quite severe, hypertension can affect organ bleeding in the eyes and even blindness.
High blood pressure is triggering much calcium is lost through urine so that the reduced bone density porous and easy. Especially if it happens to women who have entered menopause.
Indeed, to a certain extent compulsory hypertension treated with medication (consult your hypertension condition with heart specialists or specialists in internal medicine). But with co-changing lifestyle, it certainly will make the most out of your medications, as well as prevention. One of them is the following ways:
1. Lose weight
Usually the blood pressure increases with increasing weight. If the fat in the waist area has accumulated, will be greater risk of hypertension.
Physical activity and aerobic exercise (not that is anaerobic like body building) for half an hour to an hour each day, much better than if you combine all the portion of practice on weekends. In addition, regular exercise can also help you lose weight.
3. A healthy diet and proper
A diet rich in whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and low-fat milk can help lower blood pressure. Reduce salty foods, frozen foods and processed meats.
4. Avoid cigarette
Including avoid secondhand smoke.
5. Avoid caffeine
Caffeine can cause increased blood pressure, even if only temporary. Especially for those who are elderly or obese patients, worse for caffeine affects blood pressure. Avoid caffeine consumption of more than two cups per day.
6. Manage stress with good
Stress and anxiety can increase blood pressure. Management of stress is very beneficial to our health. Relaxation activities such as massage or yoga can also help.