Chevrolet Volt

Chevrolet Volt is an electric vehicle plug-in hybrids produced by General Motors . This car went on sale in some states in the United States began in mid-December 2010, and currently Volt is a compact car with fuel consumption the most efficient being sold in the United States , as proposed by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

According to General Motors, the Volt can travel a distance of 25 to 50 miles (40-80 km) with just litiumnya ion battery alone. EPA itself says that the mileage electric motor itself is about 35 miles (56 km), with a total mileage was 379 miles (610 km). For the model output in 2011, the EPA measures fuel efficiency Volt for use in mixed city / highway using only the electric motor is 93 miles per gallon (U.S.) (2.5 L/100 km; 112 miles / gallon (imp)). If you only use the gasoline engine alone, the efficiency to 37 miles / gallon-US (6.4 L/100 km; 44 miles / gallon-imp). If using both engines (petrol and electric), the level of efficiency to 60 miles / gallon-US (3.9 L/100 km; 72 miles / gallon-imp). For the model output in 2012, Volt get an increase of EPA, which is a 94 mile / gallon from the previous 93 miles / gallon. This car will be fully operational as an electric vehicle batteries to fill the battery is low, then the gasoline engine will help power the generator charging more while providing power boost for the Volt. Brake regenerative owned Volt also help in recharging the battery. In addition, to improve the performance of the car, the engine sometimes will turn on automatically helps the engine power.

The base price of the Chevrolet Volt in 2011 for the U.S. market was U.S. $ 40,280, and the price was reduced by U.S. $ 7,500 federal tax credit of the U.S. government and some other additional incentives . In 2012, Volt base price fell by U.S. $ 1,005 because there are some features that are deducted from low specs. This car was originally only available in selected U.S. states only and will be available fully in November 2011. Volt began to enter the Canadian market in September 2011, and sold at prices starting at CAD 41,545 (U.S. $ 43,568) before the price cut . Initial launch in Canada were only available in some areas and will be able to reach all of Canada is expected before the end of 2012. In China, sales of Chevrolet Volt starts at Template: CNY (about U.S. $ 75,500) and initial sales are only available in 8 cities only. In the Europe , the Volt is sold as theOpel / Vauxhall Ampera, with prices starting at Template: € (U.S. $ 58,000) including VAT , before being given government incentives . Chevrolet Volt / Opel Ampera begin to be delivered to a customer in Europe starting with France in November 2011. But then, the delivery is suspended Opel Ampera in Europe until the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) completes its investigation of the possibility of Volt batteries that caught fire while testing collision. In the UK, the Volt will be sold under the name Vauxhall Ampera and the plan for sale with prices starting at GB £ 33.995 (U.S. $ 53,000) at the time of delivery began in May 2012.In Australia, the car will be available in late 2012 and sold as the Holden Volt.

Terminology

Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) defines a hybrid vehicle as a vehicle that should have “two or more energy storage systems both of which must be able to generate power, either individually or together.” [10] But General Motors avoid the definition of “hybrid “when describing the design Voltec their property, although in the end the manufacturer stated that on several occasions, the combustion engine is able to deliver more power to improve performance. Therefore, General Motors explained that the Volt is an electric vehicle equipped with the device “risers distance”, ie internal combustion engines , which use a generator . So, they called the VoltExtended Range Electric Vehicle (Electric Vehicle to Reach a plus) or E-REV. In an interview in January 2011 with the Chief Technician Global Chevrolet Volt, Pamela Fletcher, he explains that the Volt is an “electric vehicles with longer distance.”

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Configuration of the basic drive a hybrid vehicle such as the Chevrolet Volt.

In accordance with the SAE definition Volt is a hybrid vehicle, the car operates using a mix of internal combustion engine and an electric engine with a vehicle called a plug-in hybrid . This car can operate entirely as an electric vehicle for 25 to 50 mils (40 to 80 km) first, but after that the combustion engine will work as a generator to provide power to the electric traction motors . When the battery is the source of electrical energy is almost over / under standards set. the control system will regulate how the Volt machine to function as efficiently as possible. At moderate speeds (30 to 70 mph (48 to 110 km / h)), the combustion engine once in a while it will work to help the motor traksinya in moving car. So, the Volt can operate as an electric vehicle completely, hybrid or parallel hybrid vehicle depends on the battery and environmental conditions. Volt does have a different drive than the car normally, but when the hybrid car, the Volt will operate like a diesel electric locomotive used, which uses a diesel engine to drive the electric motor only traksinya.

Performance

Volt has a maximum speed of 100 mph (160 km / h). According to tests conducted by Edmunds.com , Volt acceleration from 0-60 miles / hour (0-97 km / h) takes 9.2 seconds when using the electric motor alone, and 9 seconds if the gasoline engine helped. Motor Trend reports that the Volt a distance of 402 m in 16.9 seconds @ 843 mph (1.357 km / h), while Edmunds reports 16.8 seconds @ 815 mph (1.312 km / h) when only the electric motor alone, and 16.6 seconds @ 855 mph (1.376 km / h) if the gasoline engine helped. Motor Trend reports that braking from 60 to 0 mph (97 to 0 km / h) requires a distance 112 feet (34 m ) and Edmunds.com reports 124 feet (38 m ).

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